Medical Abortion Eligibility, Contraindication, and Side Effects

Medical abortion is an alternative to surgical abortion. It has 95% success rate and is extremely safe. The drugs used are proven to be safe and effective. Doctors and researchers have conducted studies and obtained good results, and millions of women worldwide have used the drugs.

Abortion and Bleeding

Medical abortion uses two kinds of drug that are both taken orally. The first drug makes the attachment of the fetus to the womb loose. Taking this medicine may result in cramps and bleeding. If not, the second medicine is taken to expulse the fetus. It also results in cramps and bleeding, which is much similar to a monthly period only more severe in most cases. In fact, bleeding may continue for up to two weeks, although the most severe bleeding happens within six hours after the second medicine is taken. This is the time when the patient might see the egg, which has only about 2-cm diameter. The patient can go back to work or her daily routine the next day but must bring pads for bleeding.

Other Drugs, Diseases, and Ineligibility

Medical abortion uses drugs, such as the Mifepristone. Thus, eligibility for Cytotec Bolivia medical abortion has a lot to do with drugs and diseases. For instance, women who are taking corticosteroids for treating asthma long term are most likely ineligible. The same applies to women who are allergic to the drug or any of its components. In addition, women who are suffering from uncontrolled asthma, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and porphyria are ineligible for this type of abortion.

Having an intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is also a contraindication. Women who have or had pregnancy outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy) are also medical abortion contraindications.

Other reasons for ineligibility are the unwillingness or inability to go to a clinic or hospital in case of an emergency and for a check-up two weeks after taking the second drug.

Willingness or preparedness for a surgical abortion is also a requirement. Although medical abortion has a high success rate (95%), there is a chance that the abortion may not be completed. If this happens, surgical abortion must be performed because the drugs may have done damage to the fetus. To put it simply, there is no turning back once the first drug is taken.

Side Effects of Drug-Based Abortion

Bleeding is a normal part of abortion, but the procedure and drugs (e.g., Mifepristone) have side effects including nausea, headaches, dizziness, chills, fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. The abdominal pains are moderate. Fortunately, the doctor may recommend medicines for pain and nausea. To date, only 16% of cases required painkillers for the abdominal pain or cramps.

Fortunately, inability to conceive is not one of the side effects. A woman who will have or had medical abortion can still conceive in the future.

Medical abortion is accepted in many countries. In fact, it is more preferred than surgical procedure. Women like that the procedure is non-invasive and private as taking the drugs can be done at home after a consultation at the medical abortion clinic or hospital.

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